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One Health Co-Op

Bachelor of One Health Co-op (BOH:C)

College of Biological Science, Department of Integrative Biology, College of Social and Applied Human Sciences Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ontario Veterinary College and Ontario Agricultural College, School of Environmental Sciences

The One Health degree offers student the opportunity to explore animal, environmental and human health from both the scientific and socio-cultural perspective. One Health is an approach to research and problem-solving that brings together different knowledge systems and perspectives in order to find solutions that ensure people, animals and our environment stay healthy.

Students in the One Health degree are required to complete a One Health core, comprising required courses and restricted electives. Students will also be required to declare one of four areas of emphasis by the end of the first year of their program. As part of the OH core, students will complete a set of preparation courses, in year 1 and 2, for their preferred Area of Emphasis (hereafter referred to as sub-core).

The Co-op program in One Health is a five-year program, including three work terms. Students must complete a Fall, Winter and Summer work term, and must follow the academic work schedule as outlined below (also found on the Co-operative Education website: Please refer to the Co-operative Education program policy with respect to adjusting this schedule.

1Academic Semester 1Academic Semester 2Off
2Academic Semester 3Academic Semester 4 COOP*1100Off
3Academic Semester 5Academic Semester 6COOP*1000 Work Term I
4COOP*2000 Work Term IICOOP*3000 Work Term IIIOff
5Academic Semester 7Academic Semester 8N/A

Semester 1 Fall

ANTH1120 [0.50] Biological Anthropology
BIOL1080 [0.50] Biological Concepts of Health
BIOL1090 [0.50] Molecular Biology of the Cell
GEOG1220 [0.50] Human Impact on the Environment

For DCH and EFH
CHEM*1040 [0.50] General Chemistry I

For PEH and CSH
One of:
ECON1050 [0.50] Introductory Microeconomics
PSYC1000 [0.50] Introduction to Psychology

Semester 2 Winter

ANTH*1150 [0.50] Introduction to Anthropology
BIOL*1090 [0.50] Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology
ONEH*1000 [0.50] Introduction to One Health
0.50 Elective or MATH*1080 [0.50] Elements of Calculus I*

For DCH and EFH
CHEM*1050 [0.50] General Chemistry II

For PEH and CSH
One of:
ECON*1050 [0.50] Introductory Microeconomics
PSYC*1000 [0.50] Introduction to Psychology

*For those interested in ECON*3300 or completing STAT 2040, MATH 1080 is also recommended in the first year.

Semester 3 Fall

BIOL*2400 [0.50] Evolution
ONEH*2000 [0.50] Case Studies in One Health
SOC*2280 [0.50] Society, Knowledge Systems, and Environment
0.50 Elective or AOE Restricted Elective

For DCH and EFH
0.50 AOE Restricted Elective

For PEH and CSH
One of:
ANTH*2230 [0.50] Regional Ethnography
PSYC*2310 [0.50] Social Psychology

Semester 4 Winter

BIOL*2060 [0.50] Ecology
One of:
SOAN*2120 [0.50] Introductory Methods
STAT*2040 [0.50] Statistics I
STAT*2230 [0.50] Biostatistics for Integrative Biology

For DCH and EFH
BIOC*2580 [0.50] Introduction to Biochemistry
MBG*2040 [0.50] Foundations of Molecular Biology and Genetics
0.50 Elective or AOE Restricted Elective

For PEH and CSH
1.00 Elective or AOE Restricted Elective
One of:
POLS*2100 [0.50] Comparative Politics
POLS*2230 [0.50] Public Policy

Semester 5 Fall

POPM*3240 [0.50] Epidemiology
One of:
GEOG*3020 [0.50] Global Environmental Change
ENVS*3010 [0.50] Climate Change Biology
One of:
BIOM*2000** [0.50] Concepts in Physiology
BIOM*3200 [1.00] Biomedical Physiology
BOT*2100 [0.50] Life Strategies of Plants
HK*2810 [0.50] Human Physiology – winter only
ZOO*3600 [0.50] Comparative Animal Physiology
1.00 Electives or AOE Restricted Electives***

**Restricted to students in the PEH or CSH, students pursuing the Disease, Complexity and Health or Environment, Food and Health Areas of Emphasis cannot complete BIOM 2000. BIOM 2000 will not be an acceptable pre-requisite for courses within the DCH or EFH area of emphasis.

*** Students who enroll in BIOM*3200 only require 0.50 Elective or AoE restricted elective

Semester 6 Winter

ONEH*3000 [0.50] Topics in One Health
SOAN*3070 [0.50] Qualitative and Observational Methods
One of:
BIOL*3060 [0.50] Populations, Communities and Ecosystems
SOAN*3380 [0.50] Contemporary Issues in Culture, Society, Nature
1.00 Electives or AOE Restricted Electives


COOP*1000 [0.50] Co-op Work Term I


COOP*2000[0.50] Co-op Work Term II


COOP*3000 [0.50] Co-op Work Term III

Semester 7


ONEH*4000** [1.00] Applications of One Health
Electives or AOE Restricted Electives up to 2.50 credits

Semester 8


ONEH*4000** [1.00] Applications of One Health
Electives or AOE Restricted Electives up to 2.50 credits

** students can only complete ONEH 4000 in one semester

Areas of Emphasis (AoE):

The associated areas of emphasis will support a mastery of key societal challenges that would benefit from a OH skill set. Students are required to declare an area of emphasis by the end of first year to ensure that all course requirements can be met. Students must complete an area of emphasis to graduate with the degree. The requirements for each area of emphasis contains a combination of required and restricted elective courses organized to ensure students develop strength in areas of context and application.
If a course is completed to fulfill a core requirement of the degree, it cannot be double counted to fulfill an area of emphasis requirement. An additional course from the list of options must be completed.

The areas of emphasis include:

  1. Disease, Complexity and Health (DCH)
  2. Environment, Food and Health (EFH)
  3. Policy, Economics and Health (PEH)
  4. Culture, Society and Health (CSH)

Requirements of each area of emphasis are listed below.

Student interested in Disease, Complexity and Health or Environment, Food and Health will need to select the following courses in semesters within the first two years of the program:

CHEM 1040 General Chemistry
CHEM 1050 General Chemistry I
MBG 2040 Foundations of Molecular Biology and Genetics
BIOC 2580 Introduction to Biochemistry

Students interested in Policy, Economics and Health or Culture, Society and Health will need to select the following courses within the first two years of the program:
ECON 1050 Introductory Microeconomics
PSYC 1000 Introductory Psychology
1 of POLS 2100 Comparative Politics or POLS 2230 Public Policy
1 of ANTH 2230 Regional Ethnology or PSYC 2310 Social Psychology

Disease, Complexity and Health – 3.00 credits

This area of emphasis allows students to examine the role of interactions between the environment, animals and humans on disease prevalence and dynamics, host response to disease, and strategies for achieving positive and sustainable health outcomes.

  1. MICR*2420 [0.50] Introduction to Microbiology
  2. 1.00 credits from:
    FOOD*2420 [0.50] Food Microbiology
    ENVS*3210 [0.50] Plant Pathology
    MICR*3230 [0.50] Immunology
    PATH*3610 [0.50] Principles of Disease
    PSYC*2020 [0.50] Abnormal Psychology
  3. 0.50 credits from:
    FRHD*2060 [0.50] Adult Development and Aging
    POPM*4040 [0.50] Epidemiology of Food-borne Diseases
    POPM*4230 [0.50] Animal Health
  4. Additional 1.00 credits from:
    BIOM*4050 [0.50] Biomedical Aspects of Aging (need HK*3810)
    ENVS*3230 [0.50] Forest Health and Disease
    ENVS*3290 [0.50] Waterborne Disease Ecology
    MICR*3330 [0.50] World of Viruses (need MCB*2050)
    MICR*4430 [0.50] Medical Virology
    MICR*4530 [0.50] Immunology II
    PATH*3040 [0.50] Principles of Parasitology
    PATH*4100 [0.50] Diseases of Aquatic Animals
Environment, Food and Health – 3.00 credits

This area of emphasis allows students to examine factors affecting the function of managed and unmanaged (natural) ecosystems, and explore how interactions between the environment, biodiversity and human activities can affect ecosystem services, specifically related to food security and climate change and conservation.

Course requirements:

  1. One of
    BIOL*3060 [0.50] Populations, Communities and Ecosystems**
    SOAN*3380 [0.50] Topics in Culture, Nature and Health**
  2. Managed and Unmanaged environments. 0.50 credits from:
    ENVS*2060 [0.50] Soil Science
    ENVS*2080 [0.50] Environmental Microbiology
    ENVS*3010 [0.50] Climate Change Biology**
    ENVS*3020 [0.50] Pesticides and the Environment
    ENVS*3040 [0.50] Natural Chemicals in the Environment
    TOX*3360 [0.50] Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology
  3. Environment, biodiversity and ecosystem function.0.50 credits from:
    ENVS*2330 [0.50] Current issues in Ecosystem Science and Biodiversity
    GEOG*2210 [0.50] Environment and Resources
    ENVS*3270 [0.50] Forest Biodiversity
    ENVS*3310 [0.50] Soil Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function
    BIOL*4410 [0.75] Field Ecology
    BIOL*4610 [0.75] Arctic Ecology
    BIOL*4700 [0.50] Field Biology
    ENVS*4350 [0.50] Forest Ecology
    ZOO*4300 [0.75] Marine Biology and Oceanography
  4. Environment and food production systems. 0.50 credits from:
    AGR*2470 [0.50] Introduction to Plant Agriculture
    BOT*3310 [0.50] Plant Growth and Development
    ENVS*2040 [0.50] Plant Health and Environment
    ENVS*3230 [0.50] Agroforestry Systems
    FOOD*2420 [0.50] Food Microbiology
    GEOG*3320 [0.50] Food Systems: Issues in Security and Sustainability
    MICR*2420 [0.50] Introduction to Microbiology
  5. Management strategies for ecosystem health. 1.00 credits from:
    AGR*4600 [1.00] Agriculture and Food Issues Problem Solving
    BIOL*3130 [0.50] Conservation Biology
    BIOL*3670 DE [0.50] Intro to Wildlife rehabilitation
    BIOL*3680 DE [0.50] Wildlife Rehabilitation: Caring for Sick, Injured and Orphaned Wildlife
    BIOL*4150 [0.50] Wildlife Conservation and Management
    BIOL*4500 [0.50] Natural Resource Policy Analysis
    GEOG*3110 [0.50] Biotic and Natural Resources
    ZOO*4070 [0.50] Animal Behaviour
Policy, Economics and Health – 3.00 credits

This area of emphasis allows students to develop their knowledge in policy development and analysis, including the political and economic underpinnings, and the role of policy development in areas at the intersection of environment, human and animal health.

Course Requirements:

  1. POLS*3670 [0.50] Comparative Public Policy
  2. Economic behavior and implications at the individual, environmental or global scale. 0.50 credits from:
    ECON*2100 [0.50] Economic Growth and Environmental Quality
    ECON*2310 [0.50] Intermediate Microeconomics
    ECON*2650 [0.50] Introductory Development Economics
  3. Political context of social and global issues. 0.50 credits from:
    FARE*1300 [0.50] Poverty, Food and Hunger
    IDEV*2200 [0.50] Policy, Economy and Society
    IDEV*2400 [0.50] Development, Social Justice and Human Rights
    PHIL*2280 [0.50] Key Concepts in Political Philosophy
    PHIL*2060 [0.50] Business and Professional Ethics
    POLS*2150 [0.50] Gender and Politics
    POLS*2200 [0.50] International Relations
    POLS*2300 [0.50] Canadian Government and Politics
  4. Decision Analysis. 0.50 credits from:
    FARE*3170 [0.50] Cost-Benefit Analysis
    MGMT*3140 [0.50] Business Analytics
  5. Application of economic and policy decisions. 0.50 credits from:
    POLS*2250 [0.50] Public Administration and Governance
    ECON*3300 [0.50] Economics of Health and the Workplace
    FARE*3000 [0.50] International Food Sector and Policy Analysis
    NUTR*3110 [0.50] Food Security
    POLS*3370 [0.50] Environmental Politics and Governance
  6. Advanced Elective. 0.50 credits from:
    AGR*4600 [1.00] Agriculture and Food Issues Problem Solving
    EDRD*4020 [0.50] Rural Extension in Change and Development
    FARE*3250 [0.50] Food and International Development
    UNIV*3140 [0.50] Flexible Internship in Agri-Food
    GEOG*3210 [0.50] Indigenous-Settler Relationships in Environmental Governance
    GEOG*3320 [0.50] Food Systems: Issues in Security and Sustainability
    IDEV*4600 [0.50] Advocating and Effecting Change in Development Policy and Practice
Culture, Society and Health – 3.00 credits

This area of emphasis draws upon social, cultural as well as biological aspects of human populations to better understand perceptions of health and factors influencing health, including the distribution of illness and access care, food systems, and interactions with environment and other species on wellbeing.

Course Requirements:

  1. Cultural Diversity: 0.50 credits from:
    ANTH*2230 [0.50] Regional Ethnography
    ANTH*2660 [0.50] Contemporary Indigenous Peoples in Canada
    ANTH*3770 [0.50] Kinship, Family, and Power
    IDEV*1000 [0.50] Understanding Development and Global Inequalities
    SOAN*2290 [0.50] Identities and Cultural Diversity
  2. Philosophy and ways of knowing/thinking. 0.50 credits from:
    PHIL*2030 [0.50] Philosophy of Medicine
    PHIL*2070 [0.50] Philosophy of the Environment
    PHIL*2080 [0.50] Animals in Philosophy
  3. Socio-cultural impacts on food and environmental sustainability. 0.50 credits from:
    HIST*2250 [0.50] Environment and History
    GEOG*3020 [0.50] Global Environmental Change
    GEOG*3090 [0.50] Gender and the Environment
    GEOG*3320 [0.50] Food Systems: Issues in Security and Sustainability
    HIST*3240 [0.50] Food History
    HIST*3460 [0.50] Natural Disasters in Global History
    HIST*3690 [0.50] Darwin, Culture, and Society
  4. Socio-cultural aspects of disease and health. 0.50 credits from:
    ANTH*3550 [0.50] Medical Anthropology
    FRHD*3090 [0.50] Poverty and Health
    HIST*3310 [0.50] Disease and History
    PSYC*3110 [0.50] Topics in Health Psychology
  5. Advanced Electives in society, culture and health. 1.00 credits from:
    ANTH*4440 [0.50] Culture Rights and Development
    ANTH*4550 [0.50] Topics in Anthropology of Health
    IDEV*3100 [0.50] Achieving Sustainable Development
    IDEV*3400 [0.50] Managing and Evaluating Change in Development
    PHIL*3450 [0.50] Ethics in the Life Science
    POPM*4040 [0.50] Epidemiology of Food-borne Diseases
    SOC*4420 [0.50] Sociology of Food
    SOAN*4500 [0.50] Community Development

Credits Summary:

Core Course 13.00 credits (semester 1 – 8)
Area of Emphasis – 3.00 credits
Free electives – 4.00 credits
Co-op work terms – 1.50 credits

Of the total credits required, students are required to complete a minimum of 2.00 credits at the 4000 level and an additional 4.00 credits must be at the 3000 or 4000 level. A maximum of 7.00 credits at the 1000 level may be counted towards the degree requirements. 

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